Did you know that Kings Park has been around since 1872? Or that St. George’s Cathedral was built in 1888? These historical destinations in Perth from the 1800s are must-visits, and are recommended by locals like Lisa Dudzik. A Perth tour also wouldn’t be complete without visiting Perth Zoo, the Town Hall, the Old Court House, and other heritage state buildings, to name a few.
Perth was officially founded as a colony of the British Empire on August 12, 1829. In 1827, a certain Captain James Stirling sailed the Swan River to reach Western Australia in order to stake a claim that would wrestle control of the sea away from French and Dutch explorers. Captain Stirling, who was aboard the British ship Parmelia, strategically settled along the mouth of the Swan River as the land around it looked perfect for a settlement.
August 12 also marked the birthday of King George IV. Meanwhile, Perth was chosen because it was the birthplace of Sir George Murray, the British Secretary of State for the Colonies. However, as some historians may dispute, Sir Murray was born in Perthshire, not Perth. Interestingly, it was a woman who commemorated the event of Perth becoming the Swan River Colony; Mrs. Helen Dance swung the first axe into a tree and the rest is history.
What makes Perth different from other colonies is that it wasn’t manned by convicts until the early 19th century when there was a shortage of labor. In fact, large plots of the land were sold by the government to prominent European families at a low price so they would be encouraged to immigrate there.
Some of the heritage buildings that were built during this period until the end of the 1800s include the Old Mill, Old Court House, Town Hall, Kings Park, St. George’s Cathedral, Perth Zoo, Queens Gardens, and Perth’s electric trams.
Please stay tuned for more updates from Lisa Dudzik. Perth in the 20th and 21st century will be discussed.